The land of
dawn-lit-mountains i.e. the land of rising Sun is Arunachal Pradesh where
mountains are high red during the dawn. In the ancient period it is called Udayachal
and Udaygiri. The capital of Arunachal
is Itanagar. It is surrounded by Myanmar in the east, Tibet to the North and
Bhutan to the west. It shares it border with Myanmar, China and Bhutan. Brahmaputra
has descended from China and entered Arunachal with its course leading from
north to south. Five hilly rivers that are Kameng, Subansiri, Siang, Lohit, and
Tirap are flowing down the horse-hoof shaped Arunachal like a snow white silver
ribbon. On one side of Arunachal are
sky-high snow-white Himalayas while the other side is the homeland of forest
tribes living side by side with the rare species of wild animals in the valley
shaded by ancient forest. It is an exclusive hill state with deep green shades.
Arunachal is highly enriched in Forest resources. The forest of Arunachal is
full with rare species of plants and herbs. 62% of the state’s area is forest
land. 500 species of orchids are found
here and it is also the homeland of young arrogant hilly rivers. Tipi in
Arunachal Pradesh is world famous for orchid garden.
Tiger Reserve is in the Changlang district of Arunachal at North eastern border
of India with Myanmar. Sky high ever green forest, snow covered mountain-top,
trees shedding leaves together with Alpine forest make a unique presentation. One
can find various species of butterflies in this place. Apart from the tigers
various species of monkeys and antelopes are also available at Namdapha. It is a free region for elephants and bison. Vijaynagar
is the centre of Buddhist culture in Arunachal with a Buddhist Monastery. Arunachal State Emporium, on the hill top, the
polo park i.e. Botanical Garden and a mini zoo are important land-marks of this
state. Achin river flows down the town. Akashiganga waterfall in Along is another
main attraction of this state.
of this region is Monpa, Aka, Mizi, Khamti. Other tribal languages are also
used in Arunachal. In Government offices English is used. Bengali, Assamese and
Hindi language are also used. A rice producing state, rice is the principal
food. The rate of literacy in Arunachal is 55%. Agriculture and Forest
Resources are the primary sources of livelihood. Agriculture primarily derives
the economy. Thus people of Arunachal
are generally averse to industries.
Arunachal Pradesh receives heavy rainfall
between May- Septembers. Rest of the time of the year it has a pleasant climate.
An ideal time for the tourist to visit Arunachal is from October- February.