Lohit is an administrative district in the state of Arunachal Pradesh in India, with its administrative headquarters located at Tezu. It is the third most populous district of Arunachal Pradesh, after Papum Pare and Changlang, as per the census of 2011. Major languages spoken in the district include Galo, an endangered Sino-Tibetan tongue with 30 000 speakers, spoken in the eastern part of the district. The district derives its name from one of its principal rivers, the Lohit which rises from the eastern Tibet and enters India in Kibithoo area of the District. In the ancient Indian literature, the river is called 'Lauhitya' a name that is associated with the legends of Parasuram, which is also referred in Srimad Bhagavat, Kalikapurana and in the Mahabharata.
The Holy place of Brahma Kunda also known as Parasuram Kunda is located at Tezu. It is situated on the North Eastern extremity of Arunachal Pradesh. It hares borders with North-China and part of Dibang Valley District of Arunachal pradesh, Changlang District of Arunachal Pradesh in south, China and Burma in east and Assam state and a part of Dibang Valley District in west.Snowy mountains along the international borders are found with the lower hills decking with dense evergreen forests, innumerable rivers and rivulets.
This area was one of the last territories to be brought under British rule after the castigatory Abor and Mishmi Expedition in the first decade of the 20th Century. In June 1980, Dibang Valley district was carved out from Lohit and has since been bifurcated again to create the new Lower Dibang Valley district. On 16 February 2004, Anjaw district was carved out from the northern part of Lohit district, bordering Tibet and Myanmar, with its administrative headquarters at Hawai. Anjaw was carved out under subject to The Arunachal Pradesh Re-organization of Districts Amendment Bill.
The ancient history of the individual Lohit District is not concrete due to lack of historical evidence, literary or material, yet the lower belt of the district is the base for evidence for the existence of the ramnants of ancient settlement, buildings, shrines and temples. The Parasuram Kund, Tamreswari temple, Sivalinga site and the city of king Bhismak which are located in this region are also mentioned in the Puranic and tantric literatures.
The climate experienced is hot and highly humid in the lower elevations and the Valleys and mildly cold in the higher elevations. The winter season starts from late November to early March. The period from March to May comprises of the pre-monsoon season. It is followed by the monsoon season from June to October.
The district is known for its scenic beauty. Tezu Township alone attracts thousands of visitors. There are different tribes inhabited in the district. Their traditional dances, games and sports can be enjoyed in various festive occasions. Elephant raiding, angling, rafting, hitchhiking, mountaineering etc. are the entertainment sources available in the district. The intensity of modernization of the villages is low. One can experience the life-style of the indigenous people while visiting the places of interests in the district.
Tourist places in Lohit
1. Parasuram kunda
4. Glow lake
5. Hot spring
6. District museum/craft centres
7. Bhismak nagar
8. Hawa camp