Tawang district, which is one of the 16 administrative districts of Arunachal Pradesh in eastern India, is the eight least populous districts in the country. The area is historically Tibetan territory and is claimed by both India and Republic of China as a part of South Tibet.
The district was carved out of the erstwhile West Kameng district, which adjoins it to the south and east. It shares borders with Bhutan to the west and Tibet to the north. There is heavy military presence in the district due to the sensitivity of the border area. In winter season, Tawang frequently experiences heavy snowfall.
In ancient times, Tawang was once a part of Tibet. The 1914 McMahon Line awarded Tawang to India, with Tibet handing over several hundred square miles of its territory, including the whole of the Tawang region, to the British. It came under effective Indian administration on February 12, 1951, when Major R Khating led Indian Army troops to move Chinese unlawful tenency. India took control and sovereignty of the area and established democratic rule therein to end the oppression of the Monpa tribes. Elections have taken place regularly and democratic state legislature elected peacefully as per the rules of the Govt. Of India.
During the Sino-Indian war in the year 1962, Tawang briefly fell under Chinese control. The brave last stand of Mahavir Chakra awardee Jaswant Singh Rawat took place in Tawang. After the deliberate withdrawal of Chinese troops, Tawang again came under Indian administration. In recent years, China has routinely voiced its claims on most of Arunachal Pradesh, especially Tawang, and both nations have regularly accused the other of troop incursions in each others territory. Manmohan Singh, India's prime minister, has stated categorically that Tawang is an integral part of India, repeating this to the Chinese prime minister when the two prime ministers met in Thailand in October in the year2009.
Tawang district was established in the year 1989 when it was split from West Kameng district. Presently, Tawang serves as a center for tourist attractions, thanks to the well-preserved beauty of the Tawang Buddhist Monastery.
TAWANG is popular amongst tourists for its Sans urban trappings and star comforts. It is known for its unspoiled scenic beauty. It is also known as the land of the sunrise. The valley echoes with the whispers of Tashi-Delek and the Monpas are inhabited here.
The visitors get a heart touching sensational experience of the sight of the tranquil water of lakes, rivers and of numerous high water falls reflecting the color of blue sky and sometimes hovering clouds. Occasionally, the appearance of the mist enveloping the rivers and lakes and valleys enhances the beauty of this place. It is the right place for the true lovers of nature. Septembers to November are the best months to visit Tawang. The weather is clear in this period and there is a little chill in the air. Snow covered landscape can be viewed between Decembers to March.
Tourist places in Tawang
Gyangong Ani Gonpa
Brahma-dung-chung Ani Gonpa
Singsor Ani Gonpa
P.T. Tso (Pangang Teng Tso) Lake
Banga Jang Lake
Bap Teng Kang Waterfall
Tawang War Memorial