For the historical as well as the religious significance of Munger, this location has been one of the most popular tourist destinations. The illustrious warrior named Karna, governed over this place, as per Mahabharata. Several of the most spectacular Mughal architectural specimens can be observed in the ancient memorials present in Munger. The mixture of the different Indian and Mughal customs and traditions is mirrored on this place.
The land, which makes up the current day Munger, was an element in the Anga Mahajanapada. Munger, also known as Mudgagiri, functioned as the capital of the Pala Kingdom. One of the last fights fought by Mir Kasim, the Nawab of Bengal, took place right on this location. When the British Government took over the control over Munger, it became a part of Bhagalpur. At that time Munger was called Monghyr.
In the year of 1832, Munger was made into a distinct district. At present, the headquarters of the district is also known as Munger. Apart from being famous for the historical and religious reasons, Munger is also renowned for the many significant business enterprises that are established here. The Cigarette and the Arms factories form the major part of the business enterprises; there are other major industries located here as well.
TOURIST PLACES IN MUNGER
Munger Fort: The archaic Munger Fort is one of the major memorials located in Munger. This memorial has been constructed against a backdrop of rocky terrain and the architecture is somewhat protruding into the Ganges River. There are four numbers of gates on the walls of the fort; each side having one gates each. Lal Darwaza is the name of the gate situated on the northern side. Out of all the gates, this gate is the one which is still in a good condition. The gate contains stones with carvings attached to it. The other gates remain in a desolate state.
Tomb of Pir Shah Nufa: Within the Munger Fort’s southern gate, the tomb of Pir Shah Nufa is situated. The tomb is present on the summit of a not-so-large mountain, which is of a height of 25 inches. The structure represents the relics of several Buddhist architectures. A dome shaped tomb chamber, a prayer room or a mosque as well as a rest room are included in the tomb architecture.
Palace of Shah Suja: In the Munger Fort, the palace of Shah Suja is believed to be one of the most excellent locations. However, at present, it has been turned into a jail. A Turkish bath or a hammam without a roof is present on the western direction. The bath contains a bathroom as well as a dressing room. A huge well is also located on the western direction of the hamman and on the external side of the palace. It was previously connected with a river via a door; however at present, it was been covered with bricks.
Tomb of Mulla Muhammad Said: On the uppermost part of the foundation, at the southwestern corner of the Munger Fort, the tomb of Mulla Muhammad is situated. Close to the Caspian Sea, from a place named Mazandran, Mulla arrived in India. He was a Persian poet. He came to India during the rule of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. Emperor Aurangzeb appointed him as Zibunnisa Begum’s that is his daughter’s tutor. In the year 1704 A.D., his death occurred. Till the initial years of the current century, his tomb was present; however after that, the tomb was destroyed and the removal of the grave took place.
Rameshwar Kund: On the northwest side of the Kharagpur Lake, the Rameshwar Kund is located. A mythical story is linked to the lake’s origin. The myth goes like this that during the time when the Muslims attacked, one of the many Generals established a camp at this location and he tried to dug the earth in search of water. The luck being on his side, a hot water spring sprung out of the land.
Ha-Ha Punch Kumari: The source of this waterfall lies in the hills. A steep vertical drop can be observed in the waterfall. The waterfall is located on the Rameshwar Kund’s western façade. The name of the waterfall has been derived from the names of Kings of Kharagpur’s five daughters. In order to evade imprisonment at the hands of the Muslim attackers, the Hindu King of Kharagpur leaped from the summit of the hill and thus committed suicide. A great amount of natural splendor can be observed at and near the waterfall.
Kashtaharni Ghat: The River Ganga takes a turn in this place named Kashtaharni Ghat and progress towards north direction. During its movement towards north, the river is known as Uttar-Vahini. For the people following Hindu religion, this ghat is important because of the above mentioned fact. After taking a dip in the Ganges at Mudagiri during the time of the Akshaya Tritiya celebrations, Kannauj’s Govind Chandra made a grant.
Rock carving: The distance between the rock carving and the Munger Fort is a mere 1 Km. The local people addresses these rock carvings as “Manpatthar”. The foot prints of Lord Krishna decorate the rock, which is known as the carving. The myth goes like this that during the time Lord Krishna was crossing the Ganges, he touched the rock.
HOW TO REACH MUNGER
By road: One can opt for buses, taxis or private cars in order to reach Munger by road.
By rail: For those people, who prefer to come by rail, the railway station of Patna is the most feasible option.
By air: The Patna Airport is set at a distance of 159 Kms from Munger.