Situated in Gujarat, a state in India, Dholavira is considered to be India’s one of the most ancient archeological sites. Khadir Bet, which is an island, has the Kuchchh Desert Sanctuary in which Dholavira is situated. The area situated in and around this region bears relevance to the Indus Valley Civilization. These regions were mainly lived in up till 2100 BC. It is considered to be India’s one of the most ancient sites where people used to dwell. The intense rainfall occurring in the monsoon months is responsible for flooding of the whole region. In the year 1965, this archeological location was found to exist, for the first time. This place is considered to be ranking fifth among the list of largest Harappan archeology calcite in and around this area.
Since the year 1990, the archeologists have been carrying out excavations. As a result many interesting facts and items have been found out. The items that have been discovered from this archeological site include pots, bones of animals, items made of terra cota, seals, as well as items made out of silver and gold. With huge sophistication and in much organized way, the planning of the place had been done. The proof of this fact can be obtained from the big water tank discovered in this area.
Outside the boundaries of the well guarded and fort like city, one more location has been discovered. The buildings belonging to the Harappan civilization were constructed with bricks, where as the buildings and structures that are found here are built with stones.
One of the two utmost splendid and spectacular excavations done of the Indus Valley Civilization or the Harappan Civilization, Dholavira is the bigger one. These civilizations go back as long as 4500 years back. The other location called Lothal is more completely for education and is not difficult to access. If one plans a trip to Dholavira, one must also go to see the site in Lothal, merely to make it complementary and co-related. The Great Rann of Kutch encircles this location and an intensified and enhanced atmosphere is created. The location offers to the public eyes, a rare inside view into the Harappan culture. One can definitely agree upon that the water conservation system found here is one of the initial and certainly the best water conservation system in the world. Also, written in Indus scripts, world’s first and foremost signboards are also discovered here.
The digging in this location brings to life the fact that the civilization was made up of seven stages. The stages ranged from advancement to maturity and then to downfall. The last stage brings up curiosity among the historians, since there exists, more queries than solutions related to this last stage. After reaching the pinnacle of civilization, Dholavira was deserted in the interim. After this desertion, the people came back to this place with a noticeably metropolitan culture. There are indications referring to the fact that, after returning, the people selected a simpler and easy going lifestyle rather that living a more celebrated one, like in the prior times. One will have the opportunity to study and examine closely the meaning of the advancement and development and at the same time what civilization stands for. One is left to wonder whether at all anything is entirely permanent.
THINGS TO SEE
Ancient signboard: Written in Indus scripts, world’s first and foremost signboards are also discovered here. One can try and decrypt the meaning behind this ancient letters.
Stadium: When one is standing right in the heart of the stadium and closing his eyes, draws in the historical air inside him, one can thus visualize that what might have been happening, 4000 years ago, at the exact same spot that he is standing at that moment. Nearing to the outer rim of the stadium, the energy and excitement of the by-sitters is almost palpable.
HOW TO REACH
By road: The distance between Dholavira and Bhuj is 250 Kms. The place can be accessible through Bhachau and Rapar. The timing of bus from Bhuj is 2 O’clock in the afternoon, which reaches Dholavira at 8.30 at night. The bus again departs from there at 5 O’clock the next morning. It reaches Bhuj at 11.30. Private cars are also available in case anyone wants to rent.
By rail: The Bhachau Railway Station is the closest railway station to Dholavira, which is located at a distance of 92.4 kms.
By air: Bhuj Airport is the closest airport situated near to Dholavira. Many domestic flights of different airlines fly out and in from this airport.