Bathinda is one of the historical towns of India. It is one
of the fashionable visited tourist centres in Punjab. It is renowned for its historical
& religious significance. Bathinda is positioned at an altitude of 210
meters & Cartographic co-ordinates are 30.20°N 74.95°E, in the Malwa
(Southern Punjab) region. Nevertheless, present Bathinda was established by
Bala Rao Bhatti son of Bal Band, who ruled Punjab in 336 Vikrmi Samat &
named this city as a Bathinda after his individuality name. As per Khalifa
Muhammad Hassan, who is the author of history of Patiala. He revealed that its
ancient name was Bikramgarh.There is authenticity of human habitat &
development of townships going back to 7000 BC in & surrounding areas of
Bathinda. In recent times the town was inhibited by Maharaja Ala Singh (approx.
1754 AD) & In that of it followed the history of erstwhile princely state
of Patiala. With the radiance of merger of Patiala & East Punjab States
into a division at PEPSU. Bathinda is also connected with the Guru Gobind Singh
ji (Tenth Guru of Sikh’s) who fought against Muguals. In addition to this, it
is also enclosed with the detention of first women emperor of India, Razia
Sultan in 1239 in the fort of Qila Mubarak.Bathinda is an educational hub in the region & It is also renowned for the contribution of agricultural market, Great producer of cotton, hand-loom weaving & Thermal Plants.
PLACES TO VISIT
In Sikhism, There are five Takhts or seats of temporal
authority & Damdama Sahib is one of them. Towards in the south direction of
Bathinda, about 18 km from the City, the Talwandi Sabo is sitated & it is
popularly known as Damdama Sahib. The name is this place has concerned with the
historic incident. Once Guru Gobind Singh Ji (Tenth Guru of Sikh’s) after the
battles against Mughals at Anandpur Sahib. Muktsar & Chamkaur Sahib went to
the forest of Malwa. In Talwandi Sabo, Guru Gobind Singh Ji took “Dam” or took
rest for 9 months & 9 days & since this place called by Damdama Sahib.
Hence, it is also acquainted as Guru – Ki – Kanshi, Guru Gobind Singh made this
hamlet a hub of preaching. Damdama Sahib has three pools & ten Gurdwara’s.
The Nanaksar Sarovar was named, when Guru Nanak Dev ji (First Guru of Sikh’s) visited here when
he was on 2nd Udasi (Padyatra) to Rajputana in 1510 A.D. The Second
tank is Gurusar Sarovar was dug up under the prescription of Guru Teg Bahadur
Ji (Ninth Guru of Sikh’s). The Akalsar Sarovar is associated with Guru Gobind
Singh Ji. It has been said that if the water of tank (Sarovar) is depleted then
it cure all the ailments.
A national monument which is existing more than 1400 years
old, also known as Bathinda Fort is centrally Located in the heart of the Bathinda.
The Fort constructed with small bricks which is commonly & renowned as a “
Nanakshai Bricks”. The bricks of go back to era of Kushanas period , when North
India ruled by emperor Kanishka. The emperor of Kanishka along with the Raja
Dab is belived to have built the fort. This is huge fort as compare to the
forts at Lahore, Hanumangarh & Phillaur. Guru Nanak Dev Ji, Guru Teg
Bahadur Ji Guru Gobind Singh ji visited in
this fort. Hence, the Razia Sulatan, first women emperor of India was detention
here in 1240 A.D.
MAZAAR, PIR BABA HAJI RATTAN
It represents the multi-cultural facet of Punjab. This is a
place of worship where all are welcomed without any segregation. It is faith
that the Pir Baba sort out the problems of his followers. This mausoleum is
positioned in-between the Civil Hospital & Grain Market. Moreover, Pir Baba
Haji Rattan is also known to represent India as its ambassador in the sacred
In Bathinda, Rose garden is one of the most popular destination
which is located near the Thermal Plant & cover an area of 40,000 sq.
meters. There are various types of roses
& this garden blooms in all colours of roses in the winter season.
Bahia fort is established in 1930. This fort
also served once as the formal residence to family & army of the
Patiala. In 1980, this fort converted into plush hotel & was reinstate with the merge of modern &
antique architecture. In 1980, It started with the non-star hotel, got a
regular up-gradation & sponsored by the government of India has granted
this hotel with 4 stars in 2000. Presently, Hotel Bahia Fort has 43 luxury
rooms equipped with all the modern facilities. It also has a banquet hall for
marriages & conferences with the capacity of 500 people at a time.
BIR TALAB ZOO
The Bir Talab Zoo is situated nearly 6 km from the Bathinda,
This is ta favourite destination of children. Its have a wonderful park for
children, tourist complex & it also have a arrangements for recreations
which including the riding. The lawn of
this is quite famous as a picnic spots. In the Zoo, Cheetah, black bucks &
sambars are some of the inhabitant of this park.
WHEN TO VISIT
Best time to visit is between the October to March
HOW TO REACH
not have any airport. However, we can reach Bathinda by Opting the flights till
Ludhiana, Amritsar, Chandigarh or up to Delhi & boarded the cabs or buses
from there to Bathinda.
Bathinda is one of the largest railway junctions in India
which almost connected with all the major railway stations.There is a regular
train service from Delhi, Mumbai, Jaipur, Amritsar, Jammu Tawi, Guwahati,
Kalka, Nanded & Ahmedabad.
Bathinda is also well connected by roads with major cities
& surrounding states like Haryana, U.P., Rajasthan, Himchal Pardesh etc.