Kolar district is one of the districts in the state of Karnataka. It is situated in the Southern region of Karnataka state and is Eastern most district of the State. The district is surrounded by the Bangalore Rural district on to the west, with Chikballapur district in the north, Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh to the East and lastly to the South by Krishnagiri and Vellore districts of Tamil Nadu. It is one of the gold mining sites in India. It is situated close to capital Bangalore at a distance of about 68 kilometers and around 39 kilometers from KGF. Kolar district was divided to form a new district of Chikballapur in September 2007. Discovery of Kolar Gold Fields has held to popular name as "Golden Land" of India.
Kolar was earlier known as Kolahalapura during the middle Ages, but later called by todays name as Kolar. Kolahahapura in Kannada meant "violent city", as it was the combat zone for the martial kingdoms of Chalukyas in the North and Cholas to the South. It was the capital of the Gangas until 4th century AD when they ultimately shifted the capital to Talakad in Mysore. Cholas annexed Kolar from in 1004 AD until 1116 AD. Vishnuvardhana has freed Gangavadi from the Cholas, and in memory of his victory, built the famous Vijayanarayana Temple at Belur.
The main and important temples in the town are Kolaramma Temple and Someshwara Temple. The Kolaramma temple is of Dravida Vimana style built in Ganga tradition in the 2nd century CE and devoted to goddess Shakti. The temple was later renovated during the period of the Chola monarch Rajendra Chola I in the 10th century and Vijayanagara kings in the 15th century. Someswara Temple is a fine example of 14th century Vijayanagara art.
Kolar district is on the crossroads of three states. Kolar is home to many communities. Majority of the population speak Kannada although a good number of Tamil and Telugu speakers.
Tourist places in Kolar
Kolar Gold Mines
Kolaramma Temple and Someshwara Temple
Ronur Sri Lakshmi Venkataramana Swamy Temple