Counted as one of most ancient capital cities in the entire world, Patna is strongly linked with being a strong political hub for a long period of time. It is also known as Pataliputra, in the old ages. It is the capital of Bihar. The entire region is extremely productive, being on the beds of the river Ganga. The existence of the current day Patna can be traced back to almost two millenniums, from 6th century BC to the present era.
With time, Patna rose in strength and supremacy and thus this place was named by each kings with different names. The various names by which modern day Patna was known are Kusumpura, Pushpapura, Pataliputra, Azeemabad and now at present, Patna.
Initially, a tiny fortress was constructed by the Magadha King named Ajatshatru, on the bed of the river Ganga during the 6th century BC. It later rose to be of utter magnificence, whose proof can still be obtained in the specimens found in the adjacent archaeological locations located in Kumrahar, Bhiknapahari, Agamkuan, Bulandi Bagh and Kankar Bagh.
The splendor and magnificence of the city was restored by Sher Shah Suri after subsequent to a momentary declination. The current day Patna was established by him. During the British governance too, Patna was made to function as the regional capital. A contemporary addition of area was done to this archaic city and that extension was named Bankipore.
TOURIST PLACES IN PATNA
Golghar: A terrible time phase of draught was witnessed by Bihar in the year 1770. During the draught extreme scarcity of food was also experienced. This big granary was built for the British Forces after witnessing the disturbing circumstance, which was experienced by the people. It was constructed in the year 1786. The altitude of the architecture is 29 meters while the width of the walls near the bottom is 3.6 meters. The structure is encircles by a flight of stairs. From these stairs a breathtaking sight of the Ganga River and Patna can be observed.
Martyr's Memorial: The Martyr’s Memorial is situated in front of the Secretariat. In order to memorialize the sacrifices given by the people, who gave up their lives during the Quit India Movement of August of the year 1942, this memorial has been built. Here, these freedom fighters were gunned down, since they were trying to lift the national flag.
Har Mandir Takht: In the year 1660, the birth of Guru Govind Singh took place in Patna. He was the 10th Guru of the Sikhs. This sacred location contains the Har Mandir Takht. Out of the four holy memorials of the Sikhs, this Mandir is one of them. Maharaja Ranjit Singh constructed this temple initially. Personal items and possessions of the Guru and also sacred documents of the Sikhs are present here.
Patna Museum: Some very fine and ancient items such as cannon belonging to the First World War, Mauryan and Gupta periods’ sculptures made of metal and stone, Buddhist statues and unusual terracotta structures are present in the display of the museum. One of most unique feature of the museum is the presence of a fossilized tree of 16 meters in length.
Pathar ki Masjid: Parwez Shah, who was Jehangir’s son, constructed this stunning mosque. The mosque has been built on the bed of river Ganga and also neighboring the Har Mandir Sahib. He constructed this mosque, when he was still working as Bihar’s governor. Other names, by which this mosque is also known as, are Saif Khan’s mosque, Chimmi Ghat mosque and Sangi Masjid.
Sher Shah Suri Masjid: In order to celebrate and memorialize Sher Shah Suri’s rule, this mosque was constructed by him only, in the year 1545. This particular mosque is considered to be one of the most attractive and fine looking mosques in the entire state of Bihar.
Khuda Baksh Oriental Library: In the year 1900, this structure was constructed. The library contains a wonderful and outstanding assortment of uncommon Arabic and Persian documents, paintings belonging to Rajput and Mughal period, other unique items such as Koran which has been written in a small book of 25 mm in width, a mixture of ancient as well as current books belonging to the University of Cordoba, Spain.
Jalan Museum: The Qila House has been constructed on the foundations of the fort of Sher Shah. A striking assortment of antiques is showcased here. The collection comprises of George III’s dinner service, porcelain items of Marie Antoinette’s Sevres, the four poster bed belonging to the great Napoleon, Chinese jade and also silver filigree belonging to Mughal era.
Sadaqat Ashram: The headquarters of Bihar Vidyapeeth, which is a university having national status, is located in this Ashram. Following his retirement, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the very first president of India, used to dwell here. Also present in the ashram, is a small museum in which some of the personal items of Dr. Rajendra Prasad are put onto display.
Agam Kuan: One can find in Patna, one of the most significant archeological relics belonging to ancient period, which is known as the Agam Kuan. The words ‘Agam Kuan’ means ‘unfathomable well’. Near to the railway station of Gulzarbagh, this archaic structure is situated. Ashoka, the great Mauryan Emperor, is believed to be connected to the history of this well.
Gandhi Setu: The lengthiest road bridge in the entire Asia is this Gandhi Setu. Padri Ki Haveli: The education and training of Mother Teresa was carried out in this place.
Biological Park: This Park is also acknowledged by the name of Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park.
Modern Planetarium: One of the most popular locations in Patna, which one definitely should visit, is the Modern Planetarium or the Indira Gandhi Science Complex.
Kumhrar: At a distance of 5 Kms from the railway station at Patna, Kumhrar is located. It is an archaic city of Pataliputra. The proof of the magnificence and splendor of Patna as a political centre can be found in the many relics found in this location from many a number of archaeological excavations. Apart from the large Mauryan Hall no other specimens are left to witness the past glory of the place. As many as 80 numbers of pillars made of sandstone, provide support to the hall. The structure belongs to 300 BC.
Sonepur Mela: This particular mela is famous and unique for the sheer size and scale of it. It is a cattle fair. This fair is held in the quiet little town of Sonepur, which is set at a distance of 22 Kms from the city of Patna. After a fortnight following the festival of Diwali, on the Kartik Purnima, this fair is held. From all over the globe, people gather here to enjoy and visit the fair.
Maner: The distance between Patna and this place is a mere 30 Kms. This has been constructed in the memory of Maheri, who was a Sufi Saint belonging to the 13th Century. Many a number of Muslim pilgrims come here to visit his cenotaph named Bari Dargah and also Shah Daulat’s tomb, who was the pupil of Maheri. A picnic location is also present around the memorial.
HOW TO REACH PATNA
By Air: Major cities of India are linked with Patna via Patna Airport. Flights of different airlines fly in and out of the air terminal in Patna.
By Rail: The Railway station of Patna is connected to other major cities of India.
By Road: Well maintained roads link Patna with the remaining regions of the state of Bihar. Frequent buses ply between Patna and other places.