Discovered in the 5th Century A.D, Nalanda is renowned to be a popular and archaic centre for studying. At a distance of 62 Kms from Bodhgaya and 90 Kms from the city of Patna, the relics of the archaic university, which is famous all over the globe, are located. This university became popular and more respected in a much later stage that is during the time between 5th century and 12th century; although Lord Buddha has paid trips to Nalanda numerous times during his whole life.
Also, in the 7th century AD, Hieun Tsang, the famous Chinese traveler dwelled here. Reports of a thorough and meticulous sketch of the brilliance of the education structure and the fine standard of the monastic life lived here were found from the documents written by Hieun Tsang. Also found are the mentions of the splendid architecture of the one of a kind university. The structure has been constructed in the influence of the ancient Kushan style of architecture. It has a series of cells encircling a courtyard.
TOURIST PLACES IN NALANDA
Nalanda University Ruins Archaeological Complex: 14 hectares of land were kept for excavation. One can observe the splendid gardens and the edifices which are made of bricks of red color. A main road type structure separates the buildings. This road is situated in a south to north direction. To the east of the main road, the monasteries, better known as the “Viharas”, are present and to the west direction of the walk way, the “Chaiyas”, meaning the temple, is present. A more or less damaged statue of Lord Buddha is present in a tiny chapel.
The huge architecture of the temple is quite interesting. A breathtaking view of the complete region can be obtained from the top of this structure. Smaller stupas encircle the temple. Numerous statues of Lord Buddha in different postures, of small as well as big size, are there in several of the stupas.
Nalanda Archaeological Museum: A minor assortment of bronze structures belonging to the Hindu and Buddhist faith and also several unspoiled sculptures of Lord Buddha are present on the reverse side of entry point for the relics of the university and the homes. These structures have been excavated from this area only. In a protected environment, two huge jars made of terra-cotta belonging to the 1st century, are present in an undamaged state. Other elements like plates made up of copper, inscriptions on stone, coins, pottery and specimens of burnt rice dating back to 12th Century A.D were discovered from this area.
Nava Nalanda Mahavihara: For the learning and exploring the Pali literature and Buddhism, the Nava Nalanda Mahavihara has been dedicated. Numerous pupils from all over the globe comes to this newly established university to learn and study.
Hieun Tsang Memorial Hall: In the remembrance of the respected Chinese Traveler named Hieun Tsang, the Hieun Tsang Memorial Hall has been constructed.
Silao: One unique feature about the village named Siao is the “Khaja”, which is the delicious local made sweet that is found in the village. The village s located in between Nalanda and Rajgir.
Surajpur Baragaon: In the months of April and May, which is known as “Vaishakha” and again in the months of October and November, which is known as “Kartika", the festival of Chhath Puja or worshipping of Sun god is observed in this Temple of Surya or the Sun God. This is the reason for the temple being the location for numerous pilgrims during the time of Chhath Puja.
Rajgir Dance Festival: If one visit during the time between 24th October to 26th October, one can observe the vibrant celebrations of classical as well as folk dance forms. Each year, the event is planned and arranged by the Bihar State Tourism Department.
Chhath Puja: In the months of April and May, which is known as “Vaishakha” and again in the months of October and November, which is known as “Kartika", the festival of Chhath Puja or worshipping of Sun god is observed. The worshipping is done in the Surya Temple, which is the Sun Temple of Surajpur Baragaon.
Arts and Crafts: Statues and figures made up of stone and also bowls are renowned features of places located around Rajgir.
HOW TO REACH NALANDA
By Air: The Patna Airport is the closest air terminal to Nalanda. It is set at a distance of 89 Kms from the place.
By Rail: The closest railway station is situated at Rajgir, which is situated at a distance of 12 Kms from Nalanda; nevertheless, the most well-suited railway terminal will be the station at Gaya, which is located at a distance of 95 Kms.
By Road: There is a well maintained road which connects Nalanda with other places such as Rajgir, Bodh Gaya, Gaya, Patna, Pawanpuri and Bihar Sharif. The distances between Nalanda and places such as Rajgir, Bodh Gaya, Gaya, Patna, Pawanpuri and Bihar Sharif are 12 Kms, 110 Kms, 95 Kms, 90 Kms, 26 Kms and 13 Kms respectively.