Captain John Garstin constructed the Golghar, meaning round shaped house, in the year 1786. It is a very big granary. At the demand of the then owner named Warren Hastings, the Golghar was built. A terrible time phase of draught was witnessed by Bihar in the year 1770. During the draught extreme scarcity of food was also experienced. This big granary was built for the British Forces after witnessing the disturbing circumstance, which was experienced by the people.
The altitude of the structure is 29 meters. The structure is encircles by a flight of stairs. From these stairs a breathtaking sight of the Ganga River and Patna can be observed. The structure oversees the rivers and the beautiful plains. The appearance of the architecture looks like top portion of an ornamented Easter egg. The flight of steps encircling the structure enhances the decorativeness of the architecture.
This twined flight of stairs was constructed for the purpose of creating a channel for the coolies. The work of moving the bags filled with grains, handing over the bags via a hole like structure located at the top and then again coming down via the other stairs is the reason for which these staircases were built.
The base of the structure is 125 meters while the altitude of it is 29 meters. The building has been constructed in the local stupa architectural style. The building has no pillars. It has a wall at the bottom, which has a width of 3.6 meters. The twined staircase, which leads to the top of the Golghar, contains as many as 300 steps. The time when this structure was built, this building was the most altitudinous building in the entire Patna.
A singular intriguing piece of information linked to this Golghar is that, in its entire lifespan, the structure has never been packed to its utmost limits. Also, in the near future, there are no intentions of doing so. The cause for this is that, the doors of the structure were so built that they only open inside. Therefore, when the Golghar will be packed to its maximum extent, then the door would not open only. At present, this ancient structure is under restoration.
HOW TO REACH GOLGHAR
By road: One can reach this place via cycle rickshaws, auto rickshaws, private cabs or regular buses.
By rail: The nearest railway station is the Patna Railway Junction.
By air: The closest airport is the Patna Airport, which is set at a distance of 6 Kms.