Goa is the 25th
number of Union of India. Area wise it is 28th, and population wise
25th but in attraction it is the prettiest. The capital of Goa is
Panaji.It stretched 104km from north to south and 59km from east to west.
Arabian Sea is on the west, hard and rough Sahyadri mountain region of granite
basalt on the east, Sindhudurg district of Maharashtra on the north and Karoar
district of Karnataka is on the south. The semi circular beautiful state is the
motherland of Konkonis. Goa-Daman-Diu state, constituted with this three named
separate districts was under Central rule for long. On 30th May,
1987, Goa district of the past, having been constituted with 11 taluks was
given state status of Indian Republic.
originated from Western Ghat and Sahyadri mountain regions and Arabian Sea keep
the state fertile. Goa is evergreen with its eternal perennial produce of
cashew and coconut, jack fruit and juicy mango. Human habitants have grown up
on the creeks between the two rivers- Mandovi and Juari. Red laterite barren
down land of Goa is rich in its mineral produce and resources like manganese,
iron and bauxite etc. botanists paradise Goa has a 1424.38sq km of forest land
with over 3500 kinds of herbs and bushes and Bison, tiger, panther, cheetah,
elephant, deer and various types of birds. The vast land of estuary of two
rivers Mandovi and Juari is covered with mangrove forest. Wildlife and Marine birdlife have added to
the tourist attraction of Goa.
The history of
Goa narrates an interesting testimony. After long 451 years of Portuguese rule,
Goa-Daman-Diu became free to be an integral part of Indian Republic on 19th
December,1961. Goa is an ancient land, has been an envious object since past as
well. Portuguese, French, British, Dutch and such other invaded Goa in
succession. Some ventured for expedition, some for trade and profit, yet some
ventured to the cause of serving the mankind. In the ancient past Goa was said
as the Queen of the Orient.
mountains, rivers and rivulets, ocean and seas-they all are the body
constituents of Goa. Both sea-bath and sun-bath are tenderly celebrated in the
laps of 40 pretty golden beaches all at the foot of olive-green low-height
hills and mountains extended far and wide of 105km sea coast. Sea coast in Goa
is one of the best in all the coastal belts in the world.
language spoken here are Konkani in Devnagari script. In conversation
Portuguese and Marathi have similarity in tone. Marathi, English and Hindi are
equally in use. The literacy rate in Goa is 82%in Goa.
variations help Goa being pleasant in nature. Goa is tropically known as
heaven. One may easily feel the absence of winter wearing only ordinary half
sleeve sweater in December- January evening is enough. There is neither
unbearable heat and autumn is pleasant. Monsoon is best for the tourists to be
in Goa. The Western Ghat mountain range and the whole state is covered with
lush green vegetation and with rainfall on the leaves of trees, colorful
flowers and chirping birds.