Gopalganj district, with Gopalganj town as its administrative headquarters, is one of the districts in the Indian state of Bihar. It is a part of the Saran Division. The district can be divided into two areas i.e. Normal Area and Lowly Area. Parts of the six blocks like Gopalganj, Kuchaykot, Manjha, Sidhwalia, Barauli and Baikunthpur are prone to flood in the rainy season. As far as cultivation and agriculture are concerned these areas are also called the stock of food grains. Rest of the parts comprise of the normal area with full greenery and cultivable land.
Gopalganj was previously known as "MUBARAKPUR". It is an ancient state of "Mallyas" known for their bravery and love for civil liberty. Previously it was a part of Nepal on the banks of the Saryu river, bounded by Siwan district on the South. The name Siwan means the boundary as it constitutes the Southern boundary of Nepal Kingdom. Gopalganj was a small town till 1875. It was made a subdivision of the old Saran district in the same year. It was given the status of an independent district on October 2, 1973. The present districts of Saran, Siwan and Gopalganj were the parts of the old Saran district. The history of Gopalganj is included in the history of old Saran District. The combined Saran district lies on one of the main lines of the Aryan advance. Gopalganj was given the status of a separate district when it was split from Saran in 1976.
The weather is extremely hot in summers and extremely cold in the winters. The temperature raises up to 45 degrees Celsius in the summer season. It receives an average rainfall of 500 mm rainfall in monsoons. The weather is somewhat pleasant temperature in winter. The annual average annual rainfall is about 290 mm and the temperature varies from 10 to 45 degree Celsius.
There are mainly four main fairs held in the district attracting a number of devotees from all over the state. The fairs include the Shri Rama Navami, Holi fair at Gopalganj town, Muharram fair at Madhwalal Mirganj and the Navaratri-Mahalaxmi fair at Gopalganj town during Navaratri October-November. Dasshera and Deepawali are the other important festivals.
Tourist places in Gopalganj
Shivpur(lachhwar) Durga Mandir.