Gadchiroli is a district in the state of Maharashtra. The district headquarters are situated at the district of Gadchiroli. It is situated on the southeastern corner of Maharashtra. It is bounded by Chandrapur district on the west, Gondia on the north, Chhatisgarh state on the east and Andhra Pradesh state on the south and southwest. Gadchiroli district came into existence on August 26, 1982 when the Tehsils of Gadchiroli and Sironcha were separated from Chandrapur district. It is the second most populous district of Maharashta according to the latest census of 2011. It forms part of the red corridor.
In 1905, the Gadchiroli district came into being when the zamindari estates were transferred from Brahmapuri and Chandrapur tehsils. Gadchiroli district was made on August 26, 1982, after dividing Chandrapur district in the place of Brahmapuri. It forms part of the Vidarbha region. The Rashtrakutas, the Chalukyas, the Yadavas of Deogiri and the Gonds of Gadchiroli ruled over the region for many years. Chandrapur was founded in 13th century by Khandkya Ballal Shah. He shifted his capital from Sirpur to Chandrapur. The Marathas subsequently took charge of Chandrapur. Berar went into the hands of the East India Compnay in 1853. Chandrapur became an independent district of Berar in 1854. Gadchiroli was created by the British in 1905 after combining the zamindari estates of Chandrapur and Brahmapuri. It formed part of the Central Provinces in 1956. The state of Maharashtra was formed in 1960. Chandrapur became a district of the state then. Chandrapur was divided in 1982 and Gadchiroli replaced Brahmapuri as in independent district. Gadchiroli is greatly affected by Naxalites and it forms part of the Red Corridor.
The variations of temperatures are extreme. Summers are very hot and winters very cold. The average relative humidity is 62%. On May 20, 1992, the maximum temperature of 46.3 degree Celsius was recorded. The lowest was 5 degrees on January 5, 1992.
A separate culture is followed by the tribes in the region. They worship God Persa Pen and others. A dance form called Rela is performed on the occasion of new crops. Dhol is another dance form. Holi, Diwali and Dussehra are the prominent festivals celebrated among the tribes. The tribal commnunites reside in the dense forests of the region.
Nataks(dramas) are organized on the occasion of Shankar-Pat in the months of January and February. Dandar, a cultural program, is organized during festivals like Holi, Diwali and Dussehra.
Tourist places in Gadchiroli
Aheri Ta. Aheri
Markanda Deo Ta. Chamorshi
Chaprala Ta. Chamorshi
Water Fall at Binagonda (Ta. Bhamragad),
Tipagad in the Korchi Taluka,
Vairagad Fort (Taluka- Armori)