Amritsar is one of the chief cities of Punjab, which going back in history over 400 years. Amritsar plays a significant role in the Indian history & Sikh religion too. It is well known for the eminent Golden Temple, the hub of Sikh religion.From the historically point of view, it also known as “Ramdaspur” . This city is originated by Guru Ram Das Sahib Ji (Fourth Guru of Sikh religion). Amritsar is positioned in the North-Western border of India. The Wagha border, the check-post of Indo- Pak is about 29 kms away. Moreover, Amritsar literally means “the pool of ambrosia”, this name derived from a pool constructed at the sacred place in the 16th century.
PLACES TO SEE
The Golden Temple
The most sacred temple of Sikhs situated in the heart of the Amritsar. It is also well known as “Hari Mandir”. This place of temple was pious to Sikhs since the time of Guru Ram Das ji(Fourth Guru Of Sikh), where people take ablution in the holy tank of the temple. The great collection of the historical things, Pictures of historical persons, Martyrs & number of other things which reflects our culture & history in this museum, is located at the right hand side of the main entrance of the temple/gurdwara.It has been beautifully said that,” Amritsar - Sifti Da Ghar" Mean- the venerable abode of the Pool with pure,
pious and medicinal water.
Jalian Wala Bagh
This historical place is just 400 meters from the Golden Temple towards north direction. This place marked for its most notorious genocide under the British rule.On April 13th, 1919, pilgrims gathered to celebrate the Baisakhi Festival at the place of Jalian wala Bagh. General Dyer led the armed force to the sight & ordered his men to open fire without any intimation/warning. As a resulted, in this massacre 379 innocent people died & more than 1200 people injured. At the east side of this site there is a large memorial built in memory of those who died here in this carnage.
Durgiana Temple Mandir is devoted to goddess Durga & its date from the 16th century. A huge temple is devoted to Hindu deities Narayan(The Preserver of Universe) & Laxmi ( The Goddess of wealth).
This beautiful garden called as a tribute to Guru Ram Das, The originator of the city of Amritsar. It is positioned in the new side of the town & which has the museum in summer place & built by th Sikh sovereign Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1780-1839.This museum contains weapons & some collections of portriats of the ruling houses of the Punjab. Moreover, In this museum also has a replica of the diamond ‘Kohinoor’. It’s closed on Wednesday.
Fort Gobind Garh
This fort was built in 1805-09 by Sikh sovereign Maharaja Ranjit Singh. It is situated in the south – west side of the city.
About the Ram Tirth specially point out in the great hindu epic ‘Ramayana’. It is the place where Maharishi Valmiki gave shelter to Sita, Wife of Lord Rama after the Lanka victory. It was that place where she gave birth to the twins Lav- Kush.
When to Visit
Best time to visit Amritsar is in Winters that is between October to March.
How To Visit
By Air : Amritsar is connected by air with both domestic & International flights. Airport located in south which is 15 km far from Amritsar.
By Rail : Amritsar is connected by rail with Delhi, Calcutta, Bombay, Varanasi, Wagah (Attari Border) & other places in India too.
By Bus : Amritsar is also connected by bus service . I.S.B.T is situated in the city from where easily boarded the bus for any direction.