On 11th December, in the year 1972, the status of a district was given to Sitamarhi. It used to be a part of Muzaffarpur district. The then Chief Minister of Bihar named Latee Kedar Pandey inaugurated the occasion. On the boundary between Nepal and India, this place is located. 25 lakh is the population of Sitamarhi. Sita, also known was Janaki, was born here in Sitamarhi. According to the mythical stories, the earthen pot from which Sita materialized was found by Janakpur’s King, when he was tilling the land and thus he stumbled upon the pot. The name “Sitamarhi” was given to the place for this very particular reason.
Different varieties of dance forms, music and folk arts can be seen in the customs and traditions of Sitamarhi. Some of the famous items of this place are the bangles made of lac and the Madhubani paintings. Also famous, are the well liked folk dance forms such as Jat-Jatni and Jhinjhari.
Numerous tourist spots related to religion and ancient history as well as modern day places are there in and around Sitamarhi. Janaki Temple at Sitamarhi, Janaki Temple at Punaura, Deokuli, Haleshwar Sthan, Baghi Math, Goraul Sharif, Shukeshwar Sthan, Bodhayan-Sar and Sabhagachhi Sasaula are some of the popular places to pay a visit to.
TOURIST PLACES IN SITAMARHI
Panaura Dham: Sita came into being after emerging from the earthen pot in the place called Panaura Dham. A temple is present here. During the earthquake that took place in the year 1934, some relics of ancient buildings were discovered from this area. In the Mithila state the first ever Shiv Linga to be found is the Haleshwar Sthan, which is a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva.
Janaki Temple, Sitamarhi: At a distance of 1.5 Kms from the railway station as well as the bus stand, this place is situated. It is the place, where Sita was born. To the south direction and neighboring the temple, the Janaki Kund is situated.
Janaki Temple, Punaura: In the west direction of Sitamarhi and at a distance of a mere 5 Kms from it, the Janaki Temple is located. The fact that Sita was born here adds to the importance of the location.
Deokuli (or Dhekuli): The distance between the town of Sitamarh and Deokuli is a mere 19 Kms. Deokuli is located to the west of Sitamarhi Town. One can find an archaic temple dedicated to Lord Shiva.
A big fair takes place every year on the eve Shivaratri. Legends have it that Draupadi, the wife of five Pandavas was born here. Now it lies in the Sheohar district, carved out of Sitamarhi in 1994.
Haleshwar Sthan: In the north-west direction of Sitamarhi and at a distance of a mere 3 Kms from it, Haleshwar Sthan is located. It is believed that, a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva was constructed by King Videha during the time of Putra Yeshti Yajna. Haleshwarnath Temple was the name given to this temple.
Panth-Pakar: In the north-east direction of Sitamarhi and at a distance of 8 Kms from it, Panth-Pakar is located. According to the mythical stories, Sita was taken to Ayodhya after her wedding, in a palanquin via this course only. The ancient Banyan tree under the shadow of which Sita relaxed for some time, is still present here.
Bodhayan-Sar: Numerous epics were composed by Maharishi Bodhaya, right at this very location. This place is considered to be a holy place. Out of all his pupils, Panini was one of them. He was an eminent Sanskrit Grammarian. As much as 37 years ago, the groundwork of the Bodhayan was laid by Deoraha Baba, a famous saint.
Bagahi Math: Bagahi Math is located in the Bagahi Village, which is situated at a distance of 7 Kms from the north-west direction of the village of Sitamarhi. The Bagahi Math is a huge monastery belonging to the Hindu religion. As many as 108 rooms are present in the monastery. For activities such as yoga and praying, this place is very popular.
Pupri: Present here, is the renowned temple of Baba Nageshwarnath, known as Lord Shiva. According to the mythical stories, Lord Shiva emerged as Nageshwar nath Mahadeo at this very location.
Goraul Sharif: The distance of the town of Sitamarhi and Goraul Sharif is a mere 26 Kms. For the people following Islam faith, this place is a holy place apart from other places namely Biharsharif and Phulwarisharif, all situated in Bihar.
Shukeshwar Sthan: In the north-west direction of Sitamarhi and at a distance of 26 Kms from it, Sukeshwar Sthan is located. This is the location where Sukhdev Muni used to pray and devote himself to worshipping. He was an eminent saint. At this place, one can still find a huge and archaic temple, which has been built in the memory of Sukeshwarnath, otherwise known as Lord Shiva.
Sabhagachhi Sasaula: In the west direction of Sitamarhi and at a distance of 20 Kms from it, the place called Sabhagachhi Sasaula is located. Each year, numerous Maithil Brahmins come here with marriage propositions and these propositions finally culminate into wedding. This assembly takes place in quite a large level. This place is holy for these Brahmins. This activity portrays Mithila’s archaic customs and traditions.
HOW TO REACH SITAMARHI
By road: State transport buses ply to Sitamarhi from various locations; private coaches are also present.
By rail: On the Raxaul-Darbhanga rail route, the station of Sitamarhi is located. However, very less number of trains actually halts at this station. For more convenience, one can opt for the station in Raxaul.
By air: The closest air terminal is located in Patna, at a distance of 139 Kms.